Sanitation in Mongolia: Experiences, Challenges and Recommendations

This work was motivated by the fact that sanitation in areas not served by water and sewer infrastructure has not registered a visible improvement during the last ten, fifteen years in Mongolia.

This is true both at Soum or Aimag level as well as at Ulaanbaatar level where 65% of the population, approximately 180.000 household relies on unimproved pit latrines characterized by very poor construction and poor hygiene conditions. Bigger effort in fact was put in the improvement of water access and, at least at Ulaanbaatar Municipal level, in the expansion of the water infrastructure. How to trigger household’s motivation to improve their sanitation facilities? What’s the role of the WaSH actors in this process?


Content – Summary

1. Methodology
2. Context analysis
3. Actors mapping
4. SWOT analysis: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in the sanitation sector
5. Issues and bottlenecks
6. From lessons learned and best practices to recommendations
7. Matrix of recommendations
8. Bibliography
9. Stakeholders Interviews
10. Annex: Matrix of best practices and lessons learned



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© WaSH Action of Mongolia NGO. Зохиогчийн эрх хуулиар хамгаалагдсан.